How To Grow A Photinia Hedge

Planting a photinia hedge is a great way to bring color and privacy to your yard.

Photinias are fast growing, low maintenance plants with beautiful shiny red leaves and cream colored flowers in spring.

In this article I’ll give you some handy tips for growing and maintaining a beautiful red photinia hedge in your garden.

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red photinia hedge

Photinias are a part of the same plant family as roses and they’re also related to apple trees. 

Photinia plants have evergreen foliage that starts out a beautiful bright red before turning green.

They get their name from the Greek word photeinos, which means shiny. [1]

If you have a small garden and you’d like a fast growing, colorful hedge then you should definitely consider planting photinias.

Photinia varieties

Some of the most popular photinia varieties include:

Photinia Red Robin – beautiful red foliage and ideal for a privacy hedge.

Photinia glabra ‘Rubens’ – grows up to 2 metres tall and a great choice for a small hedge.

Photinia Superhedge – cold tolerant and ideal for a dense hedge.

tall photinia hedge

HOW TO GROW PHOTINIA PLANTS

Climate

Photinias are native to Asia, but they grow well in most areas and will tolerate a wide range of temperatures. They’re also frost hardy.

Soil

Photinias will grow well in most soil types but they grow best in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter.

Prepare the soil before planting by digging some compost into the soil.

Sunlight

Photinia plants grow well in full sun or partial shade.

Height

Photinias can grow up to 20 feet (6 metres) tall, but regular pruning will ensure that they don’t get too tall.

photinia flower

Spacing

Photinias can grow up to 3 to 6 feet (1 to 2 metres) wide, depending on the variety, so if you want a dense privacy hedge it’s best to space the plants about 2 to 3 feet (60 to 90 cm) apart.

Water

Photinias are fairly drought tolerant and low maintenance once they’re established but young plants will need regular watering for the first year or two, especially during hot, dry weather.

Fertilizer

Add a slow release fertilizer once a year and apply a thick layer of mulch around the plants to help the soil retain moisture and reduce weed growth.

Pruning

It’s best to prune photinias twice yearly to help create a thick dense hedge.

I like to give my photinia hedge a trim in late spring after flowering and again in early fall to cut back some of the new growth and keep the hedge tidy.

small photinia hedge

Pests & Diseases

Photinia plants are hardy and fairly low maintenance but they can be affected by powdery mildew and leaf spot, which is a type of fungus that thrives in damp conditions.

Check the plants regularly and if you see any leaves that are affected by fungal diseases you’ll need to prune back any affected branches and treat the plant with a fungicide.

Photinias can also be affected by aphids and weevils but they can be easily eliminated with a natural insecticidal spray.

Propagating photinias

Photinias can be propagated by taking cuttings during the summer.

Take a few cuttings that are about 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm) in length and cut just below a leaf.

Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting and dip the cutting into rooting hormone powder or gel and plant them in a container filled with perlite, vermiculite or sand.

Cover the container with a plastic bag and place it in a brightly lit spot that is out of direct sunlight.

Check the cuttings every week or two to ensure that the soil is still moist.

After a few months you can move the cuttings to a bigger container or transfer them out to the garden to create a new photinia hedge.

photinia cutting

Common questions

How fast do photinia plants grow?

Photinias can grow 12 inches (30 cm) or more each year depending on how much sun and water is available to the plants.

Are photinias frost resistant?

Photinias are frost tolerant so they’re ideal for areas with cold winter temperatures.

My photinia hedge is doing well after 20 years of light frosts during winter, occasional snow and overnight winter temperatures of 23 °F (-5 °C) without any damage to the plants.

Can photinias be planted in pots?

Yes, photinia plants can be grown in large containers with well draining soil.

Potted photinias are ideal for sunny decks, balconies, courtyards and small gardens. 

photinia foliage

So there are my tips for growing a beautiful red photinia hedge for backyard color and privacy.

With the right care your photinia hedge will be a focal point in the garden for many years to come.

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Have you tried growing photinias in your garden? Let me know in the comments below.

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growing a photinia hedge

Kelly Martin

Hi, I'm Kelly Martin. I'm passionate about gardening and horticulture and I love growing just about everything including herbs, vegetables, flowers, succulents and indoor plants. I've been gardening most of my life and I created this blog to inspire beginner gardeners to create their own urban garden. Read more

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