Best fruit trees for cold climates
If you live in an area with cold winters you may not be able to grow mango, banana, papaya or orange trees, but there are plenty of fruit trees that are well suited to cool climates.
Many fruit tree varieties need a period of cold temperatures for the trees to set fruit, so they’re perfectly suited to cool climate areas.
Here are 7 easy to grow cool climate fruit trees for backyard gardens.
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The best fruit trees for cold climates are deciduous trees that lose their leaves in fall and become dormant over winter.
The trees are able to withstand frost, snow and cold winter temperatures while the branches are bare.
After winter dormancy the trees flower in spring and produce fruit in summer.
7 BEST FRUIT TREES FOR COOL CLIMATES
Apple trees are one of the most popular cool climate fruit trees
If you have limited space in your backyard it’s best to plant a self-pollinating apple tree, then you’ll only need to plant one tree to get fruit.
There are a huge range of apple trees that are suitable for backyard gardens including granny smith and jonathan that are perfect for cooking.
Any apples that are bruised or blemished can be made into juice.
Another popular fruit tree for cold climates is the cherry tree.
Some cherry trees are self pollinators, while others will need another cherry tree close by to help with fertilization.
Cherries can spit during periods of high rainfall and they’re easily damaged by birds.
I recommend covering your cherry trees with bird proof netting so the birds don’t eat all the fruit before you get a chance to harvest it.
Pear trees are less susceptible to pests and diseases than other fruit trees so they’re ideal for backyard gardens.
They can grow up to 40 feet (12 metres) tall so it’s best to choose a dwarf variety if you have a small backyard.
Pears are one of the first fruit trees to bloom which means they can be damaged by spring frosts while they’re in flower.
If you have a pear tree in a container you can move it undercover if there’s frost predicted or cover it with horticultural fleece.
COOL CLIMATE STONE FRUIT TREES
Apricots are popular stone fruits that usually produce fruit in the fourth year of growth.
The trees produce an abundance of fruit but it’s a good idea to thin out the fruit to ensure that it doesn’t drop off before it’s ripe.
Similar to pear trees, apricot trees are frost resistant during the winter months but frost can damage the trees when they’re in flower.
There’s nothing like a homegrown juicy peach straight from the tree.
Peach trees grow best in slightly acidic soil and they prefer full sun.
Peaches grown in areas with heavy rainfall can be affected by a fungal disease called peach leaf curl so it’s a good idea to prune the trees back each year so that the sun can reach all of the branches.
Nectarines are similar to peaches, without the fuzzy skin, and have mostly the same growing requirements.
It’s best to leave nectarines on the tree until they’re fully ripe for maximum flavor, but they can also be picked early and left to ripen off the tree.
Plum trees can grow up to 16 feet (5 metres) tall but there are many dwarf varieties that are perfect for backyard gardens.
They’re fairly easy to care for but need protection from cold winds and late frosts.
Homegrown plums are ideal for making jams or adding to baking recipes.
Tips for growing fruit trees in cool climates
Fruit trees can be grown from seeds or pits but you’ll have to be very patient because it can take 6 to 10 years for the tree to reach maturity and produce fruit.
The best time of year to plant new fruit trees is during winter or early spring when the trees are in their dormant state.
Most fruit trees grow best in a spot with all day sun, so plant your tree in the sunniest part of your garden.
Morning sun will help to evaporate the dew on the leaves and reduce the likelihood of fungal diseases.
Make sure the area has plenty of air circulation and protection from strong winds.
Self pollinating fruit trees will produce heavier crops if another fruit tree is close by.
Young fruit trees will need to be staked until they can support themselves.
Place a thick layer of mulch around the trees to retain moisture and keep the area free of weeds.
Water young fruit trees weekly until they become established. 
Fertilize your fruit trees in early spring but be careful not to over fertilize because you’ll get lots of foliage on the trees but very little fruit.
Harvest the fruit as soon as it’s ripe and pick up any fruit that falls on the ground so it doesn’t attract pests.
Dwarf fruit trees that are planted in containers can be overwintered in a garage or indoors. You can also wheel them indoors if there’s a late season frost predicted.
So there are 7 fruit trees that are ideal for cool climates.
Choosing fruit trees that are suited to your climate means you’ll have healthy trees that produce an abundance of fresh fruit for your and your family.